The traditional agricultural practice in the region is tavy: burning part of the forest to use as farmland. Slash-and-burn is a specific functional element of certain farming practices, often shifting cultivation systems. In some areas, like parts of Madagascar, slash-and-burn may have no cyclical aspects but will render soils incapable of further yields for generations, or it may be practised on its own as a single-cycle farming activity with no follow-on cropping cycle.

Project Lambahoany has established close working relationships with the villages engaged in eco-tourism. This includes informing the villagers on more sustainable agricultural practices and offering on-site training in these other methods. Obviously, one of the incentives for changing agricultural practices comes from the increased income through eco-tourism, only possible if the forest remains intact.